The technology of 3d printing is now at the very core of some of the most crucial manufacturing and engineering processes and has also scaled up to include construction as well. 3D printing of houses has now become a well-known and recognized phenomenon in Australia. The technology is able to deliver some of the best and well designed and tested structures in the residential as well as commercial construction domains that too while keeping the efficiencies high and wastage to a minimum.
One of the substantial domains of it has always been the 3D printing of houses in their miniature models. These are primarily meant for presentation and study purposes and therefore become even better when 3D printed. Here are some of the advantages of using the process.
What Are 3D Printed Houses?
These are the residential and housing structures that are built either on-site or off-site basis with the help of a software-controlled and administered 3D printer that happens to be mounted on a track. These houses are constructed part by part and assembled as one on the site. It requires administering software to be fed with the required codes and designs so that it can execute the additive printing in the required dimensions and calculations.
Here are the benefits of 3D printing of miniature house models:
- Great detail
This is one of the foremost qualities that is expected from the miniature 3D printed house model for construction. As the 3d printers use mechanized processes and robotic arms for shredding the layers on 3d printing materials, they can work on fine corners and precise design elements. The details can go as fine as two hundred or even up to sixteen microns. This is surely a great level of precision and also helps in setting an example for further studies as well.
- Effective on costs
The cost of 3D printed house (miniature house models and landscape layouts) is also really effective on the costs. This benefit comes in two ways. First, it utilizes plastic and other cheaply available materials; these are even procured by recycling waste material. Secondly, there is a negligible need for manual laborers and artists to work on the models, all the details are well taken care of by 3D designing and printing software.
- Efficient on time
Preparing miniature models of houses and construction projects is even efficient on time. Herein, the 3d printers can work day and night to complete the entire project without any potential stoppages. This certainly reduces the time that is required to be invested in for the completion of the different aspects of construction.
- Fewer complexes
Usually, there are great difficulties faced in traditional modeling procedures, especially where great detailing is involved. However, in the 3D printing process, the designing part is essentially dealt with CAD software that helps the printers in synthesizing the details easily. These tasks are broken into parts and made easier to execute, reducing the complexity of the process.
- Easy assembling
Fixation parts on the miniature models are required to be extremely precise. This helps them in getting assembled easily without hassle. Now, traditional practices are unable to provide the level of accuracy that is demanded adjoining two pieces. This is where the use of 3D printing helps. Since the buildup is mechanically guided, high precision and accuracy are achieved on the connecting parts and thus, assembling becomes easy.
- Easy copying
For an effective presentation and marketing, more than one completed model is required. Since it is not possible with the traditional methods to replicate things in lesser time and more ease, 3D printing offers an effective solution to it. With the help of these 3d printers, it is very easy to produce multiple copies of the same objects in almost no time. This will help in preparing multiple models in a stipulated period of time.
How Long 3D Printed Houses Last?
3D printing procedure for houses uses a variety of materials and methods mixed to enhance the longevity of the houses. In fact, architects and 3D printed house company constantly work on the adaptability and workability of different material ratios. These involve 3D printing houses for sale with an addition of sand and cement. They also involve the use of geo-polymers and other recycled plastic and polymer materials for making bricks for newer and flexible constructions. These constructions can last at a minimum of one hundred and seventy-five years under the required level of maintenance and supervision.
For the miniature models recycled plastic and polymer materials are the preferred option.
How Are 3D Printed Houses Made Of?
The prime technology used in this dimension includes that of robotic arms. These units are attached to the basic printer machinery and aid the process of layering of materials, administered by system software. These softwares’ are connected with CAD modeling applications which are worked upon by 3D designers. They check the compatibility of the existing machinery and materials with the opted designs and then go on to execute the project layer by layer. There are three prime technologies for it.
- Robotic extruders: The technology basically pertains to the contour crafting process. It requires arrangements of tracks and rails on which the main machinery is fixed. It motions backward and forward and uses the robotic arms to add layers and grids to the construction.
- Sand Printing: This is a technique similar to that of Jet fusion as well as SLS. Under this, the printing machine is used to spread a layer of sand powder. This powder is then hardened in a particular shape or structure with the help of a binder.
- Metallic Technology: This is one of the latest developments in the category. Metal-based printing for house construction involves a combination of a robotic arm and a welding machine. This makes them an ideal option as 3D printers house building. The technique is used for creating underlying structures and skeletal that can withstand much stress and maintain their shape.
Are 3D Printed Houses Safe?
The materials used in construction 3D printing are more or less the same. However, their combinations and layering patterns differ. Therefore, these homes are as safe as any traditionally constructed building with more economy and efficiency. In some cases, the use of polymer waste bricks and recycled plastic materials tends to even increase the flexibility of the 3d houses and makes them more adaptive to disruptive conditions as well.